Nkoranza

Nkoranza is a small town located in mid-northern Ghana, in the district of Brong Ahafo Region. It’s population is 10,000-20,000 and is considered to be a coastal town.

Nkoranza District’s population is largely youthful with the economically active population of 18 – 64 years constituting 60.4%; age group of 0 – 18 years accounts for 36.4% whilst 3.2% of the population is 65 years and above. The population structure of Nkoranza shows that 49.5% of the total population is male whilst 50.5% are females.

AGE DISTRIBUTION IN NKORANZA NORTH DISTRICT

Age Group

Percentage Number of People

0 – 18

36.4%

19 – 64

60.4%

65 and above

3.2%

The population density in the district is 32.8 people per square kilometre, which is less than the regional population density of 45.9 persons per square kilometre.

The District shares boundaries with Kintampo South and Pru Districts to the north, Nkoranza South District to the south, Atebubu Amantin District to the east and Techiman Municipality to the west.

Busunya the district capital is 19.2 km from Nkoranza.  Relatively big towns like Dromankese, Bonte, Yefri, Dromankuma, Fiema, Kranka, Konkompe, Bono Manso, Odumase, Pinihini, Senya and Sikaa are far from the district capital.

Nkoranza District has a total land area of 2,322 square kilometers about 7.84% of the total land area of Brong Ahafo region and about 1.3% of the country’s land area.

There are only two urban settlements – the District capital, Busunya (9,243) and Dromankese (8,582) – which constitute the central business communities. The rest of the communities with population less than 5,000 people are rural and make up 97.2% of the total settlement.

Nkoranza is largely characterised by soils developed over voltaic sand stones. This geological feature together with vegetation influences and gives rise to two soil categories. One category develops under forest vegetation and the other under savannah vegetation.

Nkoranza District is part of the transitional zone between the Savannah Woodland of northern Ghana and the forest belt of the south. Thus savannah woodland and fewer areas of savanna re-growth largely characterize the eastern part of the District while southern part is largely marked by forest re-growth made up of shrubs and grasses with a few original tree species, especially silk cotton trees.

The main food crops produced in commercial quantities include maize, yam, cassava, plantain, cocoyam, groundnut, cowpea, sorghum and tomato; currently some farmers are showing interest in the production of water melon. Tree crops under cultivation in the District are notable cashew and mango.

Estimated Crop Area and Output in Nkoranza North District for 2010

Major Crop Grown

Area Cultivated  (Ha)

Output (MT)

MaizeCassava

Cocoyam

Plantain

Groundnut

Yam

Cowpea

Tomato

Sorghum

15,2386,111

418

500

679

4,688

567

649

390

32,000110,000

4,600

4,500

,950

150,000

510

649

429

The Nkoranza District Assembly has, with the assistance of the European Union, developed the Monkey Sanctuary at Fiema/Boabeng, one of Ghana’s most renowned tourist attractions. It is one of the most famous places in the whole world, where monkeys and human beings live freely and happily together and it has attracted lots of tourists in recent times, from both within the country and abroad.

Other areas of cultural and historical interest to tourists are the Pinihin Amovi Caves and the Goitre Healing Springs. Also, there are the Munufie Festivals, celebrated in September and April each year in the district, which are colourful and laden with rich cultural activity.

 

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